Over the past few years, Pakistan’s weather pattern has changed drastically. However, what we have failed to realize where we have played part in it on individual and collective level. What continues to make the situation further worse is our denial of the problem, which has lead to a situation where Pakistan stands at the last position of Asia’s most tree-filled countries. Pakistan has only 1.9% of the land area under forest cover. India on the under has 24.1%, still standing in bottom four.
Pakistan lost 840,000 hectors of forest area during the year 1990 to 2010. The rate of loss of forests per year is 42000 ha, which is daunting. Deforestation has contributed to rising health implications as well as climatic implications on a wider sphere.
As per United Nation’s standards, a country must have 25% of the area covered in forests to ensure sustainability and climatic equilibrium. However, when the countries are working towards improvement in this department and are striving to acquire green economy, Pakistan is still in denial, maintaining their deaf ear to it even though it hasn’t done us any favor in past.
Due to Pakistan’s diverse topographic and demographic setting, Pakistan is quite vulnerable to climate-related issues. As an implication, Himalayan and Hindu Kush glaciers are melting rapidly as an aftereffect of climate change. Pakistan’s 5000 glaciers are also retreating faster than any other country in the world, causing variability in monsoon rains and floods.
Why Do We Need ‘Billion Tree Tsunami’ Across The Country:
To mitigate fluctuating climate pattern, we must detect the need and shift our attention towards increasing greener spaces. To pursue that, KPK Government launched Billion Tree Tsunami back in 2014, aimed at restoring 350,000 hectares of forests with the help of community-based efforts and involving stakeholders.
The initiative often perceived and treated as trivial, is exactly the need of the hour. As it has helped in acquiring green growth and sustainable forest development in the province, a similar step needs to be adopted across the country as well to curb the increasing threat.